Stressed Out! The impact of stress on your canine
Stressed Out! The impact of stress on your canine
2014 Penn Vet Working Dog Conference
Lecture: Stressed Out! The impact of stress on your canine
Presented by: Namni Goel, PhD, Ali Rodgers & James Serpell, BSc, PhD
DVD run time: 50 mins
Stress is a part of life for both humans and dogs. This panel of experts brings a variety of perspectives on stress response and stressors. It is clear that each individual (dog and human) has a different threshold for stress and manifestations of stress. Although stress can’t be eliminated it is clear that stress experienced in a positive social environment is less damaging and could even lead to some benefits.
Namni Goel, PhD- During my presentation, I discussed the importance of considering individual differences in response to sleep loss and stress. Each dog will respond to these conditions differently, yet remarkably consistently across the lifespan. These differences will be manifest in terms of performance, fatigue level and behavioral state.
Ali Rodgers- The effects of stress can be manifest over generations. The negative experience of stress, while influenced by the individual perceptions, behavior and genetics can be lessened through a supportive social environment.
James Serpell, BSc, PhD- This brief presentation aimed to address the question: What are some of the more subtle signs of stress?” Two short video sequences are presented based on a test we designed to evaluate the temperaments of young guide/service dogs when they return from their puppy-raising foster homes for training at about 14-18 months of age. Just two components of this so-called “In-for-Training (IFT) Test” are presented: the “Falling Object” component and the “Handling” component.
About Namni Goel: Dr. Namni Goel is a Research Associate Professor of Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine. Dr. Goel received her B.A. in Psychology and Anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley and her Ph.D. in Biological Psychology from the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor), where she was the recipient of the Outstanding Dissertation Award. She was a postdoctoral fellow at Columbia University and Cornell University. For the past 15 years, as a broadly-trained behavioral neuroscientist, Dr. Goel has been conducting research in the fields of sleep-wake functions, cognitive performance, circadian rhythm physiology, and chronobiological treatments and mood, in both human and animal models. Most recently, Dr. Goel has been investigating phenotypic, traitlike, individual differences in response to sleep deprivation, and determining biomarkers for predicting such responses in healthy adults. Dr. Goel has over 50 scientific publications in these areas of research. Dr. Goel has obtained funding from the NIH and the Department of Defense, as well as other granting agencies. Dr. Goel served from 2008-2010 as President of the Society for Light Treatment and Biological Rhythms (SLTBR). She is an Academic Editor for PLoS ONE, an Associate Editor for SLEEP, and a Review Editor for Frontiers in Behavioral and Psychiatric Genetics. She also serves on the Editorial Boards of Chronobiology International, Journal of Neurology Research, and Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and Care. She has served on several National Sleep Foundation expert panels and serves on the Board of Directors of the Center for Environmental Therapeutics. About Ali Rodgers: Ali B. Rodgers, a PhD candidate in Neuroscience at the University of Pennsylvania, studies in the laboratory of Dr. Tracy Bale where she investigates the long-term and intergenerational effects of chronic stress exposure. As environmental adversity has proven a well-established risk factor for neuropsychiatric disease, Rodgers has helped to develop a mouse model to characterize the mechanistic link betweens stress and disease prevalence. Rodgers’s research primarily focuses on adolescence as window of heightened sensitivity, investigating how adolescent stress can negatively impact brain maturation, elicit lasting behavioral changes, and influence offspring neurodevelopment. Before entering graduate school, Rodgers earned a degree in biology from the University of Notre Dame in 2009. About James Serpell: James Serpell holds the Marie A. Moore endowed Professorship in Animal Ethics & Welfare at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania. He received his bachelor’s degree in Zoology from University College London in 1974, and his PhD in Animal Behavior from the University of Liverpool in 1980. In 1985 he established the Companion Animal Research Group at the University of Cambridge before moving in 1993 to his current position at the University of Pennsylvania where he teaches veterinary ethics, applied animal behavior and welfare, and human-animal interactions. His research focuses on the behavior and welfare of dogs and cats, the development of human attitudes to animals, and the history and impact of human-animal relationships. In addition to publishing more than 100 articles and book chapters on these and related topics, he is the author, editor or co-editor of several books including Animals & Human Society: Changing Perspectives (1994), The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behavior & Interactions with People (1995), In the Company of Animals (1996), and Companion Animals & Us (2000).
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